There are minimal data on the use of venoarterial extracorporeal membrane life support (VA-ECLS) in adult congenital heart disease (ACHD) patients presenting with cardiogenic shock (CS). This study sought to describe the population of ACHD patients with CS who received VA-ECLS in the Extracorporeal Life Support Organization (ELSO) Registry. This was a retrospective analysis of adult patients with diagnoses of ACHD and CS in ELSO from 2009–2021. Anatomic complexity was categorized using the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association 2018 guidelines. We described patient characteristics, complications, and outcomes, as well as trends in mortality and VA-ECLS utilization. Of 528 patients who met inclusion criteria, there were 32 patients with high-complexity anatomy, 196 with moderate-complexity anatomy, and 300 with low-complexity anatomy. The median age was 59.6 years (interquartile range, 45.8–68.2). The number of VA-ECLS implants increased from five implants in 2010 to 81 implants in 2021. Overall mortality was 58.3% and decreased year-by-year (β= –2.03 [95% confidence interval, –3.36 to –0.70], p = 0.007). Six patients (1.1%) were bridged to heart transplantation and 21 (4.0%) to durable ventricular assist device. Complications included cardiac arrhythmia/tamponade (21.6%), surgical site bleeding (17.6%), cannula site bleeding (11.4%), limb ischemia (7.4%), and stroke (8.7%). Utilization of VA-ECLS for CS in ACHD patients has increased over time with a trend toward improvement in survival to discharge.