Cardioplegia is a pharmacological therapy administered during cardiac surgery to intentionally and temporarily arrest the heart. The first solution used during cardiopulmonary bypass was reported by Dr. Melrose in the..
Technical Aspects of Cardiopulmonary Bypass Process Overview Blood is drained from the vena caval filters directly into a reservoir. Normally a single two-stage cannula is used (drains blood from the..
An arterial cannula is usually inserted into the ascending aorta. Alternate sites include the femoral, innominate or axillary artery in situations such as emergency, redo surgery, minimally invasive surgery or..