Etiquetas Archivo: ecmo

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Intra-aortic balloon pump in patients undergoing VA-ECMO: an analysis of the Chinese Extracorporeal Life Support Registry

Abstract Venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO) has been increasingly used to treat refractory cardiogenic shock (CS) or cardiac arrest (CA) over the past decades. Peripheral VA-ECMO increases left ventricular (LV)..

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Extra-Corporeal Membrane Oxygenation in Pregnancy

Abstract Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is a cardiac or pulmonary function support system that is used in cases of refractory organ failure in addition to conventional treatment. Currently, Level I..

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Assessing Right Ventricle Over Time in Patients on Veno-Venous Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation: Insights From Serial Echocardiography

Abstract Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is often used in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) with refractory hypoxemia. There is limited literature highlighting the development of right ventricular (RV) failure while..

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Sex-Related Differences in Utilization and Outcomes of Extracorporeal Cardio-Pulmonary Resuscitation for Refractory Cardiac Arrest

Abstract Sparse data exist on sex-related differences in extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ECPR) for refractory cardiac arrest (rCA). We explored the role of sex on the utilization and outcomes of ECPR..

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Dual lumen venopulmonary extracorporeal membrane oxygenation cannulation technique using the ProtekDuo

Treatment strategies for acute respiratory distress syndrome have dramatically improved in recent years. Nevertheless, despite optimization of ventilator parameters, mortality remains high. Venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) allows the elimination..

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Which strategy is better for lung transplantation: Cardiopulmonary bypass or extracorporeal membrane oxygenation?

Abstract Background: In lung transplantation surgery, extracorporeal life support (ECLS) is essential for safety. Various support methods, including cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) and off-pump techniques, are used, with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO)..

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Physical Rehabilitation and Mobilization in Patients Receiving Extracorporeal Life Support: A Systematic Review

Abstract OBJECTIVES:  We planned to synthesize evidence examining the potential efficacy and safety of performing physical rehabilitation and/or mobilization (PR&M) in adult patients receiving extracorporeal life support (ECLS). DATA SOURCES: ..

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Pulmonary shunt in critical care: a practical approach with clinical scenarios

Abstract Background Pulmonary shunt refers to the passage of venous blood into the arterial blood system bypassingthe alveoli-blood gas exchange. Pulmonary shunt is defined by a drop in the physiologic..

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VA-ECMO weaning strategy using adjusted pulse pressure by vasoactive inotropic score in AMI complicated by cardiogenic shock

Abstract Aims This study evaluated how well serial pulse pressure (PP) and PP adjusted by the vasoactive inotropic score (VIS) predicted venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO) weaning success and clinical..

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Adaptive ECMO Therapeutics: The Integral Role of the ProtekDuo® Cannula

Abstract This chapter provides an in-depth analysis of the ProtekDuo® (LivaNova, London) dual-lumen cannula’s application in extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), focusing on the procedural techniques of cannulation, weaning, and decannulation...

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Hypothermia in patients with cardiac arrest prior to ECMO-VA: Insight from the HYPO-ECMO trial

Abstract Aim Venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO) has become a common intervention for patients with cardiogenic shock (CS), often complicated by cardiac arrest (CA). Moderate hypothermia (MH) has shown promise..

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Comparison of Mixed Venous Oxygen Saturation and Premembranous Venous Oxygen Saturation in Patients on Peripheral Venous-Arterial Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation

Abstract In patients on veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) premembranous venous oxygen saturation (Spm-vO2) is continuously displayed on the ECMO console. However, the concordance between Spm-vO2 and mixed venous oxygen saturation..

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Outcomes of Adult Patients With COVID-19 Transitioning From Venovenous to Venoarterial or Hybrid Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation in the Extracorporeal Life…

Abstract This retrospective analysis of the Extracorporeal Life Support Organization (ELSO) registry evaluates the outcomes and identifies risk factors associated with conversion from initial venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) support..

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Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation for Septic Shock in Adults and Children: A Narrative Review

Abstract Refractory septic shock is associated with a high risk of death. Circulatory support in the form of veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA ECMO) may function as a bridge to..

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Novel tubing connectors reduce ECMO circuit thrombosis

Abstract Background: Thrombosis within extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) circuits is a common complication that dominates clinical management of patients receiving mechanical circulatory support. Prior studies have identified that over 80%..

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Hemorrhage and thrombosis in COVID‑19‑patients supported with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation: an international study based on the COVID‑19 critical care consortium

Abstract Background Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is a rescue therapy in patients with severe acute res‑piratory distress syndrome (ARDS) secondary to COVID‑19. While bleeding and thrombosis complicate ECMO, theseevents may..

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Cardiac ECMO: changing role in times of Impella and ventricular assist devices?

Abstract Mortality in infarct-related as well as heart failure-associated cardiogenic shock remains high, reaching 40–50% depending on the etiology and severity of cardiogenic shock. Percutaneous active mechanical circulatory support devices..

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Anticoagulation management for ECMO

Abstract Anticoagulation is an essential component of optimal extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) management. Unfractionated heparin is still the anticoagulant of choice in most centers due to longstanding familiarity with the..

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Respiratory extracorporeal membrane oxygenation

Abstract Background The use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) for patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) has increased substantially. With modern trials supporting its efficacy, ECMO has become an..

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Clinical decision making for VA ECMO weaning in patients with cardiogenic shock A formative qualitative study

Abstract Weaning and liberation from VA ECMO in cardiogenic shock patients comprises a complex process requiring a continuous trade off between multiple clinical parameters. In the absence of dedicated international..

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Rehabilitation for adult patients undergoing extracorporeal membrane oxygenation

Abstract Background and purpose Current information on the latest rehabilitative practices is limited, with previous reviews only covering data up to October 2021, and some considering only patients on awake..

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The role of inflammation and antithrombin supplementation on thromboelastographic parameters during veno-venous ECMO for respiratory failure

Abstract Introduction Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) may act as a driver or propagator of systemic inflammation. In turn, cytokine release can modify thromboelastographic (TEG) tests which are commonly used for..

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Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation from last resort to indispensable tool in the treatment of respiratory and/or circulatory failure

Abstract Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) continues to be an indispenable tool in critical care settings, in particular in patients with severe respiratory and/or cardiac failure. The COVID-19 pandemic highlighted the..

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Does Size Matter? The Effect of Size of Distal Perfusion Catheter on Acute Limb Ischemia: A Meta-Analysis

Abstract Prevention of limb ischemia in patients with venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO) is primarily achieved through the use of distal perfusion catheters (DPC). Our objective was to assess the..

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How to manage differential hypoxemia during veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation

Abstract Over the past decade, veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO) has expanded rapidly as a salvage strategy to provide temporary circulatory and respiratory support allowing cardiac function recovery or bridging..

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The impact of small movements with dual lumen cannulae during venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation: A computational fluid dynamics analysis

Abstract Background and objectives Venovenous Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation (VV ECMO) provides respiratory support to patients with severe lung disease failing conventional medical therapy. An essential component of the ECMO circuit..

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Epidemiology of anticoagulation for children supported by extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in the United States: A Pediatric Hospital Information System database…

Abstract Introduction Due to the risk of thrombosis, nearly all children supported by extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) receive systemic anticoagulation. While heparin has traditionally been used, there are reports of..

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Mechanical ventilation during extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support – New trends and continuing challenges

Abstract Background The impact of mechanical ventilation on the survival of patients supported with veno-venous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (V-V ECMO) due to severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) remains still..

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ECMO Alone Versus ECPELLA in Patients Affected by Cardiogenic Shock: The Multicenter EVACS Study

Abstract The objective was to investigate the outcomes of concomitant venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) and left ventricular unloading with Impella (ECPELLA) compared with ECMO alone to treat patients affected..

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Prone positioning during extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for severe acute respiratory distress syndrome.

PRO Building solid evidence in intensive care medicine is challenging, mostly due to patient heterogeneity and concomitant treatment interactions. In the context of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), only two..

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