This study aims to compare the efficacy and safety of activated recombinant factor VII (rFVIIa) and prothrombin complex concentrate (PCC) in the treatment of bleeding complications following surgery requiring cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) in children.
This is a retrospective chart review of a single institution comprising patients aged 0 to 18 years old with congenital heart disease. Patients must have received either PCC or rFVIIa after coming off CPB. Our primary efficacy endpoint is time in the operating room from off-CPB to pediatric intensive care unit admission. Our primary safety endpoint is thrombosis through 30 days.
Our primary efficacy outcome was significantly shorter in the PCC group compared with the rFVIIa group (P < .0001). Similarly, secondary efficacy outcomes of packed red blood cell administration, chest tube output, and transfusion exposures all significantly favored PCC administration. However, CPB time was significantly longer, and body temperatures were significantly lower, in the rFVIIa group. Safety outcomes, including our primary safety outcome of thrombosis through 30 days, were similar between the two groups.
This study questions whether PCC could be favored over rFVIIa for hemostasis in children with congenital heart disease following CPB surgery. In addition, this study has found no difference when comparing PCC and rFVIIa in terms of safety outcomes, particularly thrombosis events. There are several limitations to this study due to the retrospective nature of the design and the differences between the two study groups. Despite the limitations, this study suggests that relatively early administration of PCC could be favored over delayed administration of rFVIIa to control recalcitrant post-CPB bleeding in the operating room.