Del Nido cardioplegia (DNc) was designed for superior myocardial protection during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). We conducted a retrospective review to explore if DNc was associated with increase in systemic ventricle dysfunction (sVD) following pediatric CPB.
Methods and Results
This single-center, retrospective study included 1534 patients undergoing CPB between 2013 and 2016, 997 prior to center-wide conversion to DNc and 537 following. The primary outcome was new postoperative ≥moderate sVD by echocardiogram. Secondary outcomes included sVD of any severity and right ventricular dysfunction. Data was evaluated by interrupted time-series analysis. Groups had similar cardiac diagnoses and surgical complexity. Del Nido cardioplegia was associated with longer median (IQR) CPB [117 (84–158) vs 108 (81–154), p = 0.04], and aortic cross-clamp [83 (55–119) vs 76 (53–106), p = 0.03], and fewer cardioplegia doses [2 (1–2) vs 3 (2–4), p < 0.0001]. Mortality was similar in both groups. Frequency of sVD was unchanged following DNc, including predetermine subgroups (neonates, infants, and prolonged cross-clamp). Logistic regression showed a significant rise in right ventricular dysfunction (OR 5.886 [95% CI: 0.588, 11.185], p = 0.03) but similar slope.
Use of DNc was not associated with increased in reported sVD, and provided similar myocardical protection to the systemic ventricle compared to conventional cardioplegia but may possibly impact right ventricular function. Studies evaluating quantitative systolic and diastolic function are needed.