To assess predictive factors of postoperative stroke in cardiac surgery using cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB).
This study was a retrospective observational study.
This study was conducted at a single institution (Liverpool Hospital, NSW, Australia).
All patients with CPB treated surgically at Liverpool Hospital, NSW, between January 2016 and December 2018
Patients underwent cardiac surgery with CPB.
Measurements and Main Results
The primary outcome was cerebrovascular accident, or stroke. Univariate and multivariate analyses via Firth’s logistic regression with regard to stroke were performed. The study comprised 1,092 patients over a three-year period. In this cohort, the stroke rate was 3.1%. Via univariate analysis of factors in relation to stroke post-CPB, recent or past stroke (odds ratio [OR] 5.43 v 2.32), diabetes mellitus (OR 1.92), dialysis dependence (OR 5.67), elective procedures (OR 0.34), aortic procedures (OR 4.02), bypass and cross-clamp times (OR 1.02 and 1.04), postoperative atrial fibrillation (OR 2.28), and hypoperfusion times all reached the significance level of p ≤ 0.1 to be included in the multivariate analysis. Multivariate analysis to find independent factors in relation to stroke yielded diabetes mellitus (OR 2.49; p = 0.025), dialysis dependence (OR 3.82; p = 0.03), aortic procedures (OR 3.93; p = 0.014), and elective procedures (OR 0.24; p = 0.026) as independently predictive or protective with regard to postoperative stroke.
Independent predictors of stroke in this single center cohort included dialysis dependence, diabetes, and aortic procedures. Elective procedures were shown to be an independent protective factor.