This study aims to examine the impact of preoperative fibrinogen concentration on the short-term outcomes and hospital length of stay (LOS) of patients undergoing Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG).
Between January 2010 and June 2022, a retrospective analysis comprised 633 patients who sequentially received isolated, primary CABG. These patients were categorized into normal fibrinogen group (fibrinogen < 3.5 g/L) and high fibrinogen group (fibrinogen ≥ 3.5 g/L) according to preoperative fibrinogen concentration. The primary outcome was LOS. To correct for confounding and investigate the effect of preoperative fibrinogen concentration on the short-term outcomes and LOS, we employed propensity score matching (PSM). The correlation between fibriongen concentration and LOS in subgroups was examined using subgroup analysis.
We categorized 344 and 289 patients in the “normal fibrinogen group” and “high fibrinogen group”, respectively. After PSM, compared to the normal fibrinogen group, the high fibrinogen group had a longer LOS [12.00 (9.00–15.00) vs. 13.00 (10.00–16.00), P = 0.028] and higher incidence of postoperative renal impairment [49 (22.1%) vs. 72 (32.4%), P = 0.014]. Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) or non-CPB CABG patients showed similar correlations between various fibrinogen concentrations and LOS, according to subgroup analyses.
Fibrinogen is an independent preoperative predictor of both the LOS and the postoperative renal impairment that occurs after CABG. Patients with high preoperative fibrinogen concentration had a higher incidence of postoperative renal impairment and a longer LOS, emphasizing the significance of preoperative fibrinogen management.