Cardiac surgery in Jehovah’s Witnesses (JW) patients who refuse blood transfusion is challenging requiring dedicated strategies. We aimed to analyze non-selected JW patients undergoing cardiac surgery and to compare with matched controls both perioperative outcomes and long-term survival. We retrospectively analyzed JW patients undergoing cardiac surgery from January 2016 to March 2021 and compared them with matched controls. The primary outcome was a composite of in-hospital perioperative adverse events and in-hospital mortality. The secondary outcome was all-cause mortality at long-term follow-up. A total of 113 JW patients and 113 controls were included. Baseline clinical characteristics, including laboratory parameters were comparable. Overall, there were no statistical differences between JW vs controls in terms of in-hospital mortality (2.7% vs 1.8%, p = 1.00) but mortality was remarkably high (40%) in JW patients with post-op hemoglobin < 8 g/dl. Logistic regression analysis found that the JW group was not associated with a higher occurrence of the composite outcome (adjusted odds ratio 0.91, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.54–1.57). After a median follow-up of 1397 [IQR 922.7–1723.5] days, JW patients were not associated with a significantly higher all-cause mortality (adjusted hazard ratio 0.77, 95% CI 0.24–2.42). Cardiac surgery can be safely performed in non-anemic JW patients despite the refusal of blood transfusions. Favorable clinical outcomes can be achieved by the use of specific perioperative strategies for bloodless surgery with no differences as compared to control patients except in JW patients with a very low level of post-operative hemoglobin not supported by immediate transfusions.