This study aimed to explore the effect of intraoperative blood salvage (autotransfusion) on coagulation function in the rescue of an obstetric hemorrhage.
A total of 65 pregnant women who were diagnosed with placenta previa in our Hospital and gave birth in the hospital were enrolled in the study. All the patients underwent thromboelastography, routine blood tests, and blood coagulation series + D-dimer before and within 30 min of the autologous blood transfusion. The differences in various indicators were evaluated.
(1) After the autotransfusion, the hemoglobin and neutrophil counts were significantly higher than beforehand, and the platelet count was significantly reduced; the differences were statistically significant (p < .05). (2) There were no significant differences in prothrombin time (PT), fibrinogen, and D-dimer levels before and after the autotransfusion (p > .05). The activated partial thromboplastin time after autotransfusion was shorter than that beforehand, and the difference was statistically significant (p < .05). (3) There were no significant differences in the R value, K value, α value, and MA value of the thromboelastogram before and after the autotransfusion (p > .05).
After the recovery autotransfusion, the hemoglobin of patients with a massive obstetric hemorrhage increased significantly, while the platelet count decreased, but the coagulation function and thromboelastogram did not change significantly, indicating the autotransfusion did not affect the coagulation function of the obstetric hemorrhage rescue. Thus, it would appear that intraoperative blood salvage can be safely used in the clinical rescue of massive hemorrhaging during cesarean section.