The existing literature has shown conflicting results regarding the association between preoperative statin exposure and the risk of postoperative cardiac surgery–associated acute kidney injury (CSA-AKI).
A single-center retrospective observational study.
A single, large, tertiary care center.
Adult patients undergoing open cardiac surgery between January 1, 2012 and January 1, 2019.
AKI was defined using the Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes criteria. A multivariate logistic regression analysis and propensity score–matched analysis were used to study the association.
Measurements and Main Results
A total of 58,399 patient charts were retrospectively reviewed. The preoperative statin exposure cohort had a lower prevalence of all stages of CSA-AKI (30.7% v 36.3%, p < 0.001) and stage 3 CSA-AKI (0.9% v 2.1%, p < 0.001). After adjusting for confounding factors, preoperative statin exposure was a protective factor against all stages of postoperative CSA-AKI (odds ratio [OR], 0.885, 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.852-0.920, p < 0.001) and stage 3 CSA-AKI in adults (OR, 0.671, 95% CI, 0.567-0.795, p < 0.001). A propensity score-matched analysis showed that the preoperative statin exposure cohort had a lower risk of all stages of postoperative CSA-AKI (30.7% v 35.3%, p < 0.001) and stage 3 CSA-AKI (0.9% v 2.2%, p < 0.001) than the control cohort.
Preoperative statin exposure was associated with all stages of postoperative CSA-AKI and stage 3 CSA-AKI.