Hypothermia and selective brain perfusion is used for brain protection during an acute type A aortic dissection (ATAAD) correction. We compared the outcomes between antegrade and retrograde cerebral perfusion techniques after ATAAD surgery.
Between January 1995 and August 2017, 290 patients underwent ATAAD repair under deep hypothermic circulatory arrest/retrograde cerebral perfusion (DHCA/RCP) in 173 patients and moderate hypothermic circulatory arrest/antegrade cerebral perfusion (MHCA/ACP) in 117 patients. Outcomes of interest were: 30-day mortality, new-onset postoperative neurological complications, and length of intensive care unit (ICU) and in-hospital stays.
No differences were observed between the preoperative details of both groups (p>0.05). Thirty-day (30-day) mortality did not differ between groups (RCP vs ACP, 22% vs 21.4%; p=0.90). New-onset postoperative permanent neurological dysfunctions and coma was similar in two group in 6.9% versus 10.3% of patients and 3.8% versus 6.8% patients of patients, respectively (p=0.69). The incidence of 30-day mortality and new postoperative neurological complications were similar in the RCP and ACP groups (odds ratio [OR], 1.0; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.39–2.83 [p=0.91] and OR, 1.7; 95% CI, 0.87–3.23 [p=0.11], respectively). There was no difference between length of stay in the ICU and overall stay in hospital between the RCP and ACP groups (p=0.31 and p=0.14, respectively). No difference in survival rate was observed between the RCP and ACP groups (hazard ratio, 1.2; 95% CI, 0.76–2.01 [p=0.39]).
Thirty-day (30-day) mortality rate, new-onset postoperative neurological dysfunctions, ICU stay, and in-hospital stay did not differ between the MHCA/ACP and DHCA/RCP groups after ATAAD correction. Although the rates of 30-day mortality and postoperative neurological complications were high after ATAAD repair, ACP had no advantages over the RCP technique.