There is little research on factors that influence the choice of dialyzer in patients undergoing hemodialysis. In patients at risk for poorer outcomes, including those with hypoalbuminemia, understanding how this choice impacts clinical parameters could inform patient management. The objective of this real-world analysis was to evaluate the use and performance of four single-use (i.e., nonreuse [NR]), high-flux Optiflux dialyzers with varying surface areas (F160NR [1.5 m2], F180NR [1.7 m2], F200NR [1.9 m2], and F250NR [2.5 m2]) in patients (N = 271) with baseline hypoalbuminemia (≤3.5 g/dl) receiving hemodialysis at a medium-sized dialysis organization. Thrice weekly, in-center dialysis was delivered for 6 months without adjustments to the hemodialysis prescription. Larger dialyzers were more frequently used in men, patients with higher body mass indices, and those with diabetes. Increases in serum albumin from baseline (month 1) to month 6 (p < 0.05) were observed with all dialyzer sizes. A mean increase in hemoglobin of 0.31 g/dl was also observed (p < 0.001). Among patients exhibiting increased serum albumin levels (n = 177), reductions in the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio, a marker of inflammation, were observed (mean: 0.90; p < 0.001). These results support the use of high-flux dialyzers in patients with hypoalbuminemia.