The influence of Extracorporeal Life Support Organization (ELSO) center of excellence (CoE) recognition on failure to rescue after cardiac surgery is unknown. We hypothesized that ELSO CoE would be associated with improved failure to rescue.
Patients undergoing a Society of Thoracic Surgeons index operation in a regional collaborative (2011-2021) were included. Patients were stratified by whether or not their operation was performed at an ELSO CoE. Hierarchical logistic regression analyzed the association between ELSO CoE recognition and failure to rescue.
A total of 43,641 patients were included across 17 centers. In total, 807 developed cardiac arrest with 444 (55%) experiencing failure to rescue after cardiac arrest. Three centers received ELSO CoE recognition, and accounted for 4238 patients (9.71%). Before adjustment, operative mortality was equivalent between ELSO CoE and non-ELSO CoE centers (2.08% vs 2.36%; P = .25), as was the rate of any complication (34.5% vs 33.8%; P = .35) and cardiac arrest (1.49% vs 1.89%; P = .07). After adjustment, patients undergoing surgery at an ELSO CoE facility were observed to have 44% decreased odds of failure to rescue after cardiac arrest, relative to patients at non-ELSO CoE facility (odds ratio, 0.56; 95% CI, 0.316-0.993; P = .047).
ELSO CoE status is associated with improved failure to rescue following cardiac arrest for patients undergoing cardiac surgery. These findings highlight the important role that comprehensive quality programs serve in improving perioperative outcomes in cardiac surgery.