Mitral valve destruction refers to damage or degeneration of the mitral valve, which is one of the four valves in the human heart. The mitral valve is located between the left atrium and the left ventricle and helps regulate blood flow from the atrium to the ventricle.
Various conditions can lead to mitral valve destruction, including:
Mitral valve prolapse: The valve leaflets bulge back into the left atrium during ventricular contraction.
Rheumatic heart disease: A complication of untreated streptococcal infection, which can cause scarring and thickening of the valve leaflets.
Endocarditis: An infection of the heart valves or inner lining of the heart, which can lead to valve damage.
Congenital heart defects: Some individuals are born with abnormal mitral valves that may be prone to damage.
Annular infection refers to an infection involving the annulus of the mitral valve. The annulus is the ring-shaped structure that surrounds the valve, providing support and stability. Infections can occur in the annulus due to bacteria or other microorganisms that invade the heart tissue. This condition is often associated with infective endocarditis, a serious infection of the inner lining of the heart and heart valves.
Treatment for mitral valve destruction and annular infection depends on the severity of the condition and the individual patient’s overall health. In some cases, medication may be prescribed to manage symptoms and control the infection. However, if the damage is severe, surgical intervention may be necessary. Surgery options may include mitral valve repair or replacement, as well as removal of infected tissue or debris.
It’s crucial for individuals with these conditions to receive appropriate medical care. If you or someone you know is facing these health issues, I strongly recommend consulting a healthcare professional for a proper evaluation and personalized advice.
Dr.Sam Zeraatian Nejad Davani, CEO of rockingham medical research ADKWA center as well as Head of IUMS transplant and cardiovascular surgery department.